House Architecture and Construction
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Many preconceptions with regard to the African art and to Africa exist in general. The generic denomination of African engloba bigger amount of races and cultures of what of European, since in the African continent they coexist ten a thousand languages, distributed between four families, who are the main ones. From there to be particularly difficult to find artistic the traces common, even so, the example of the Europe, if can speak of a certain identification aspect that differentiates them of the peoples of other continents.
The African architecture had a utilitarian character, instead of communitarian, and saved rare exceptions never she was employee, as in the remaining portion of the civilizations, as representation of being able. Common to all the peoples were the use of pertaining materials to its geographic region and the intentional and comedido use of the materials in balance with the environment. Independently of its hierarchy, all possuíam type of house, not as relevancy, but equality expression the same the same the group.
The used materials varied, then, according to region, but normally was similar: since the adobe until weaveeed dry staple fibres, or a combination of several. In general way, the town if protected with an adobe wall, that encircled and marked the limits of the village.
Grande Zimbábue is what it remained of a town, all constructed by a monumental wall. Center of an important dedicated culture to the cattle one, its 10 almost walls measure height m. The reason of its sudden abandonment is unknown, even so its legend as sanctuary has persisted until the beginning of this century.
The exception to this type of rudimentary architecture is the peoples of Gana and Mali, in the southwest, who had constructed to palaces of varied plants and the kingdom of Lalibela, the east, where, from century XIII, buildings and temples in the rocks of mountains had been encavados.
Beyond different the variations of choças of adobe and straw, other styles exist in Africa architectural autóctones. The ashantis construct to great palaces and temples with adobe walls supported by a scaffolding of props. The raised mosques are numerous in this manner, as the Mosque ashanti of Larabanga, in Hunger