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Baroque (word whose meant in such a way bad taste can be irregular pearl how much) it is the period of the art that goes of 1600 the 1780 and if it characterizes for the monumentalidade of the dimensions, opulence of the forms and excess of ornamentação. It is the style of the grandiloquência and of I exaggerate it. These carecterísticas all can be explained by the fact of the baroque one to have been a type of expression of propagandist matrix.
The monarchic absolutism and the Church of the Against-Reformation had used the baroque one as manifestation of largeness. Been born in Rome from the forms of the renascentista cinquecento, then it was diversified in some parallel styles, to the measure that each European country adopted it and it adaptava it to its proper idiosyncrasy. Protestant nations as England, for example, had created a more moderate version of the style, with buildings of façades well less loaded than the Italians.
One of the basic traces of this vast period is that during its apogee the plastic arts had obtained a total integration. The architecture, monumental, with exuberant façades of marble and ornatos of plaster, or the workmanships of Borromini, characterized for the three-dimensional projection of concavous and convex plans, had served of palco ideal for tremendous paintings of the vaults and the dramatical white marble sculptures that the interiors decorated.
In the Baroque architecture, the concepts of effective volume and symmetry in the renaissance are substituted by the dynamism and the teatralidade. The product in this new way to draw the spaces is a construction of ciclópicas ratios, where more than what the exactness of the geometry takes advantage the overlapping of plans and volumes, a resource that tends to produce different effect visual, as much in the façades how much in the drawing of the interiors.
How much to the architecture sacra, the antropomorphus ratios of the renascentistas columns had been duplicates, to be able to cover without interruptions the new façades of double floor, according to model of the construction of Il Gesú, in Rome, first church of the Against-Reformation.
From 1630, they start to proliferate the elliptical and oval plants of lesser dimensions. This soon would be changedded into one of the characteristic typical architectural of the baroque one. They are the churches of Maderno and Borromini, in which the rounded off forms had substituted the angular ones and the walls seem to bend over themselves of inside for are and vice versa, in a concavous and convex succession, endowing the set of a strong dynamism.
How much to the palaciana architecture, the baroque palace was constructed in three floors. Instead of if concentrating in one alone cubical block, as the renascentistas, they seem to extend itself without limits on the landscape, in some sections, an interminable repetition of columns and windows. The construction most representative of this time is the Palace of Versailles, messianic manifestation of the ambitions absolutists of Luis XIV, the King Sun, that it intended, with this workmanship, to congregate to its redor - in this manner to debilitate them - all the powerful noblemen of the cuts of its country. Following the example of the Palace of Versailles, faustosos palaces are constructed in the diverse europérias cuts, surrounded of immense gardens, coming close themselves to what soon it would come to be the Neoclassicismo the Escorial, fusing of styles and architects, are of a monumentalidade until then without precedents in the Europe. In Italy, when combining these ratios with one profusa ornamentação Maneirista, its artists had defined the birth of the Baroque architecture.