architecture Coríntia Order
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In the classic period (centuries V and IV B.C.), the architecture Greek reached its maximum point. To the two known styles already (dórico and jônico) one another one, the coríntio came to add itself, that if characterized for one capitel typical whose extremity was decorated for leves of acanto.
The Coríntia order appeared in century IV B.C. and if it characterized over all for the form of capitel. It has a legend that it explains the origin of this style. It says the legend that certain time, a beautiful Coríntia young is embedded in open field; its loves places on the tomb a hamper covered of roofing tiles, contends objects that the young one more wanted. In the following spring, some feet of acanto had sprouted in the place. finding the obstacles of the roofing tiles, the leves had been folded, forming incomplete scrolls. Inhaled in this reason - it continues the legend -, a Greek architect called Calímaco would have created the new order. In the truth, however, the conríntio style seems to have been imported of Egypt, where already temples existed whose capitéis were decorated with floral reasons.
Although the golden period of the art Greek has finished for return of 400 B.C., the conríntia order only affirmed one 200 years later, when Greece already had lost very of its force and importance.
Taking off the form of capitel, the too much elements of the Coríntia order very are seemed the ones of the Jônica, as, for example, the estriado shaft, the column seated in a base and arquitrave divided in three parts. The column is a little esguia: its height is equal up to the 11 times diameter. The Coríntia order, for its proper nature, demanded of the sculptors much ability to decorate the capitéis with two or three careers of leves and scrolls, these last ones if rolling above of leves.
The temple of Olympeion de Atenas started to be constructed in 170 a.C, and alone it finished much later. Dedicated the Zeus Olímpico, was the biggest coríntio building, remaining only ruins of the temple. This style later would be retaken and modified by the Romans, who looked to the luxury and the ostentation.