House Architecture and Construction
Escritório de Arquitetura Patricia Mellilo - Fazendo do seu Projeto a realização do seu Sonho. Rua Coronel Rodrigues Simões n 620 São Manuel - SP. Visite nosso novo site www.patriciamellilo.com.br ou entre em contato pelo telefone (14) 3841-5334 ou pelo e-mail email@example.com
It knows more on architecture, decoration, paisagismo, urbanism, civil construction in general in our new site: www.patriciamellilo.com.br
The origins of the people Inca retrace to the previous civilizations to nazcas and tihuanacos. The chronicles of the empire tell the history of the Ayar family, who emigrated to Cuzco coming from the north, whose last survivor reached the god condition. In fact, it is known with security that this empire arrived to more than enclose 900,000 km2 in the coast of the Pacific Ocean and that its first emperor-head, Capac Lame, created, for return of century XV, the more advanced system of social and state organization of the pre-Columbian Amércia.
This organization of the state, allied to the establishment of a religion and an official language, allowed the pacific convivência of a great diversity of etnias submitted to a central government, that in turn delegated the power to the families most important of each village. As in any another empire of the Ocidente, they had used the art as maximum expression of the diffusion of its power. The religious function yielded representative place to and the utilitarian one, with workmanships next to the engineering of what of you discipline them artistic.
The certifications most important of this culture meet in the architecture monolithic and deloused of ornaments, in which they in such a way demonstrate to one spotless technique how much a great expressiva frieza. The aspect more notable of this architecture is the amazing dexterity the one that this people arrived in the work with the rock. Therefore it is possible to find three types of construction narrowly related with the sorts architectural.
The civil workmanships of lesser importance, the houses of the people and the food deposits were constructed with irregular rocks; the ortalezas and towers, with colossal rocks; e the temples, palaces and buildings of the government, with walls of geometric rocks regular, polishing and incased one in the other, without mortar.
Still the system used for the Incas is unaware of to perfectly incase the enormous blocks of rock with that they had constructed to its ortalezas and temples. Not even a blade to shave could be introduced enters two of these colossal parts.
In the capital of the empire, Cuzco, the two constructions met more significant: the Cori-cancha, temple of the Sun, and the Sacsahuamán, place where if it lived deeply the deity. From them she traced herself remains of the city, therefore they estavamem local strategical, the example of the ortalezas, that served of protection. The palaces and houses of the noblemen in general had a square shaped plant, and of the religious constructions they were circular. The Incas had never constructed pyramids, and the joined ones in its habitat are previous to this civilization.
The ruins of machu Picchu, probably the element most representative of the empire Inca, continue being an enigma for arquólogos and historians. Discoveries in 1911, are given credit that the Spaniard were unaware of its localization and, during centuries, were the symbol of the peoples submitted for the Spaniard, being only known for the Andean aboriginals.
The construction is very similar to the one of the Incas, but previous they, who therefore have perhaps kept the place in secret as temples of virgins of the Sun, fact that if deduces for joined feminine corpses in the hollowings. Its more excellent aspect is the complete fusing between the forms architectural and the orographic ones of the mountain.