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The Rococó is a style that if developed mainly in the south of Germany, Austria and France, between 1730 and 1780, characterized for the excess of capricious curves and the profusion of decorative elements as shells, bows, flôres and foliages, that searched an elegance requintada. The name comes of the Frenchman rocaille (shell, gravel), one of more characteristic the decorative elements of this style. For many theoreticians, the Rococó nothing more is of what the crown of the baroque one. However, even so to the first sight its forms remember intricate maneirismos still more of what of the previous period, its philosophy is well different.
A joy in the loaded decoration, the teatralidade, the refined artificialidade of the details, but without the heavy dramaticidade exists nor the religiosidade of the baroque one. It is tried, for I exaggerate it, if to commemorate the joy of living, a spirit that if also reflects in the workmanships sacras, where the love of God for the man now assumes the form of a infinity of rechonchudos anjinhos. Everything is lighter, as the easied life in the great cuts of Paris or Vienna.
The style colorful and gallant predominate mainly in the decoration of the interior of churches, palaces and theaters, but also it produces inquietantes workmanships in the painting and the sculpture.
In the architecture, the Rococó mainly acquired importance in the south of Germany and France. Its main characteristics are one exaggerated trend for the loaded decoration, as much in the façades how much in the interiors. The cupolas of the churches, minors who of the Baroque ones, are multiplied. The walls are clearer, with tones crayon and the white. Golden garrisons of branches and flowers, populated of anjinhos, skirt oval windows, serving to break the rigidity of the walls. The same it happened with the palaciana architecture.
The maximum expression of the Rococó in the palaciana architecture is the small pavilions and shelters of hunting of the gardens. Constructed for the leisure of the members of the cut, these constructions, decorated with frames in form of rings and leves they transmitted an atmosphere of ideal world. To complete this dissimulated image, the sky, bucólicas scenes in tones appeared in the ceiling, imitating crayon.
The architecture of the Asam brothers is basic inside of the Rococó. In its series of churches of the south of Germany, the decoration if overlaps to the structure and the interior on the exterior of the building, of more modest planning. Paradígma of the Rococó hall is the Kaisersaal of the Palace of Wurzburg, where the ornamentação arrives at a degree of almost fragile extravagrancy, so great the trifling detail. Through ornatos escultóricas ilusionists and figures that fly, the walls almost disappear, in a magical effect of the slightness.